Map of country protection levels for the terrestial ecoregions of the world as of January 2019

The map shows the percentage of coverage within each country of the terrestrial ecoregions. The statistics were computed using the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA) from January 2019 and ecoregion maps defined by Olsen et al. (2001) and Spalding et al. (2007). The analysis used all designated protected areas recorded in the WDPA as polygons, or points with a reported area, except for UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves because many of their buffer areas do not meet the protected area definition of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). All protected areas with a “proposed” or “not reported” status in the WDPA were excluded from the analysis. Points were buffered with a circular buffer corresponding to their reported area. Buffered points and polygons were then combined and all spatial overlaps between protected areas removed to avoid double counting.


Citation:

Battistella, L., Mandrici, A., Delli, G., Bendito Garcia, E., Dubois, G. (2019)
 


Map of protection levels for the terrestrial and marine ecoregions of the world as of January 2019.

The map shows the percentage of coverage of the terrestrial and marine ecoregions of the world, excluding lakes, rock and ice, by protected areas. The statistics were computed using the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA) from January 2019 and ecoregion maps defined by Olsen et al. (2001) and Spalding et al. (2007). The marine ecoregions were clipped to the coastline of the terrestrial ecoregions and an outer boundary corresponding to the 200-meter isobath (Spalding et al. 2007). The analysis used all designated protected areas recorded in the WDPA as polygons, or points with a reported area, except for UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves because many of their buffer areas do not meet the protected area definition of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). All protected areas with a “proposed” or “not reported” status in the WDPA were excluded from the analysis. Points were buffered with a circular buffer corresponding to their reported area. Buffered points and polygons were then combined and all spatial overlaps between protected areas removed to avoid double counting.


Ciatation:

Battistella, L., Delli, G., Mandrici, A., Bendito Garcia, E., Dubois, G. (2019)


Changes in the protected area coverage of the world's terrestrial, marine ecoregions and pelagic provinces between April 2016 and April 2018

The map shows the percentage of coverage of the terrestrial, marine ecoregions and pelagic provinces of the world, excluding lakes, rock and ice, by protected areas. The statistics were computed using the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA) from April 2018 and April 2016 and ecoregion maps defined by Olsen et al. (2001). The analysis used all designated protected areas recorded in the WDPA as polygons, or points with a reported area, except for UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves because many of their buffer areas do not meet the protected area definition of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). All protected areas with a “proposed” or “not reported” status in the WDPA were excluded from the analysis. Points were buffered with a circular buffer corresponding to their reported area. Buffered points and polygons were then combined and all spatial overlaps between protected areas removed to avoid double counting.


Citation:

Battistella, L., Mandrici, A., Delli G., Bertzky, B., Bastin, Dubois, G. (2018)

Changes in the protected area coverage of the world's terrestrial, marine ecoregions and pelagic provinces between April 2016 and April 2018

© European Union, 2018. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.


Changes in the protected area coverage of the world's terrestrial ecoregions between April 2016 and April 2018

The map shows the percentage of coverage of the terrestrial ecoregions of the world, excluding lakes, rock and ice, by protected areas. The statistics were computed using the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA) from April 2018 and April 2016 and ecoregion maps defined by Olsen et al. (2001). The analysis used all designated protected areas recorded in the WDPA as polygons, or points with a reported area, except for UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves because many of their buffer areas do not meet the protected area definition of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). All protected areas with a “proposed” or “not reported” status in the WDPA were excluded from the analysis. Points were buffered with a circular buffer corresponding to their reported area. Buffered points and polygons were then combined and all spatial overlaps between protected areas removed to avoid double counting.


Citation:

Battistella, L., Mandrici, A., Delli G., Bertzky, B., Bastin, Dubois, G. (2018)

Changes in the protected area coverage of the world's terrestrial ecoregions between April 2016 and April 2018

© European Union, 2018. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.


Changes in the protected area coverage of the world's pelagic provinces between April 2016 and April 2018

The map shows the percentage of coverage of the pelagic provinces of the world by protected areas. The statistics were computed using the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA) from April 2018 and April 2016 and ecoregion maps defined by Olsen et al. (2001). The analysis used all designated protected areas recorded in the WDPA as polygons, or points with a reported area, except for UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves because many of their buffer areas do not meet the protected area definition of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). All protected areas with a “proposed” or “not reported” status in the WDPA were excluded from the analysis. Points were buffered with a circular buffer corresponding to their reported area. Buffered points and polygons were then combined and all spatial overlaps between protected areas removed to avoid double counting.


Citation:

Battistella, L., Mandrici, A., Delli G., Bertzky, B., Bastin, Dubois, G. (2018)

Changes in the protected area coverage of the world's pelagic provinces between April 2016 and April 2018

© European Union, 2018. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.


Changes in the protected area coverage of the world's marine ecoregions between April 2016 and April 2018

The map shows the percentage of coverage of the marine ecoregions of the world by protected areas. The statistics were computed using the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA) from April 2018 and April 2016 and ecoregion maps defined by Olsen et al. (2001). The analysis used all designated protected areas recorded in the WDPA as polygons, or points with a reported area, except for UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves because many of their buffer areas do not meet the protected area definition of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). All protected areas with a “proposed” or “not reported” status in the WDPA were excluded from the analysis. Points were buffered with a circular buffer corresponding to their reported area. Buffered points and polygons were then combined and all spatial overlaps between protected areas removed to avoid double counting.


Citation:

Battistella, L., Mandrici, A., Delli G., Bertzky, B., Bastin, Dubois, G. (2018)

Changes in the protected area coverage of the world's marine ecoregions between April 2016 and April 2018

© European Union, 2018. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.


Map of protection levels for the terrestrial and marine ecoregions of the world as of April 2018

The map shows the percentage of coverage of the terrestrial, marine ecoregions and pelagic provinces of the world, excluding lakes, rock and ice, by protected areas. The statistics were computed using the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA) from April 2018 and ecoregion maps defined by Olsen et al. (2001). The analysis used all designated protected areas recorded in the WDPA as polygons, or points with a reported area, except for UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves because many of their buffer areas do not meet the protected area definition of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). All protected areas with a “proposed” or “not reported” status in the WDPA were excluded from the analysis. Points were buffered with a circular buffer corresponding to their reported area. Buffered points and polygons were then combined and all spatial overlaps between protected areas removed to avoid double counting.


Citation:

Battistella, L., Mandrici, A., Delli G., Bertzky, B., Bastin, Dubois, G. (2018)

Map of protection levels for the terrestrial, marine ecoregions and pelagic provinces of the world as of April 2018.

© European Union, 2018. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.


Map of protection levels for the marine ecoregions of the world as of April 2018

The map shows the percentage of coverage of the marine ecoregions of the world by protected areas. The statistics were computed using the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA) from April 2018 and ecoregion maps defined by Spalding et al. (2007). The marine ecoregions were clipped to the coastline of the terrestrial ecoregions of the world (Olson et al. 2001) and an outer boundary corresponding to the 200-meter isobath (Spalding et al. 2007). The analysis used all designated protected areas recorded in the WDPA as polygons, or points with a reported area, except for UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves because many of their buffer areas do not meet the protected area definition of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). All protected areas with a “proposed” or “not reported” status in the WDPA were excluded from the analysis. Points were buffered with a circular buffer corresponding to their reported area. Buffered points and polygons were then combined and all spatial overlaps between protected areas removed to avoid double counting.


Citation:
Battistella, L., Mandrici, A., Delli G., Bertzky, B., Bastin, Dubois, G. (2018)
Map of protection levels for the marine ecoregions of the world as of April 2018. 
© European Union, 2018. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.

Map of protection levels for the terrestrial ecoregions of the world as of April 2018

The map shows the percentage of coverage of the terrestrial ecoregions of the world, excluding lakes, rock and ice, by protected areas. The statistics were computed using the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA) from April 2018 and ecoregion maps defined by Olsen et al. (2001). The analysis used all designated protected areas recorded in the WDPA as polygons, or points with a reported area, except for UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves because many of their buffer areas do not meet the protected area definition of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). All protected areas with a “proposed” or “not reported” status in the WDPA were excluded from the analysis. Points were buffered with a circular buffer corresponding to their reported area. Buffered points and polygons were then combined and all spatial overlaps between protected areas removed to avoid double counting.


Citation:

Battistella, L., Mandrici, A., Delli G., Bertzky, B., Bastin, Dubois, G. (2018)

Map of protection levels for the terrestrial ecoregions of the world as of April 2018.

© European Union, 2018. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.


Map of protection levels for the terrestrial ecoregions of the world as of April 2016

The map shows the percentage of coverage of the terrestrial ecoregions of the world, excluding lakes, rock and ice, by protected areas. The statistics were computed using the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA) from April 2016 and ecoregion maps defined by Olsen et al. (2001). The analysis used all designated protected areas recorded in the WDPA as polygons, or points with a reported area, except for UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves because many of their buffer areas do not meet the protected area definition of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). All protected areas with a “proposed” or “not reported” status in the WDPA were excluded from the analysis. Points were buffered with a circular buffer corresponding to their reported area. Buffered points and polygons were then combined and all spatial overlaps between protected areas removed to avoid double counting.


Citation:
Battistella, L., Mandrici, A., Bastin, L., Bertzky, B., Dubois, G. (2016)
Map of protection levels for the terrestrial ecoregions of the world as of April 2016.
© European Union, 2016. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.

 


Map of protection levels for the marine ecoregions of the world as of April 2016

The map shows the percentage of coverage of the marine ecoregions of the world by protected areas. The statistics were computed using the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA) from April 2016 and ecoregion maps defined by Spalding et al. (2007). The marine ecoregions were clipped to the coastline of the terrestrial ecoregions of the world (Olson et al. 2001) and an outer boundary corresponding to the 200-meter isobath (Spalding et al. 2007). The analysis used all designated protected areas recorded in the WDPA as polygons, or points with a reported area, except for UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves because many of their buffer areas do not meet the protected area definition of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). All protected areas with a “proposed” or “not reported” status in the WDPA were excluded from the analysis. Points were buffered with a circular buffer corresponding to their reported area. Buffered points and polygons were then combined and all spatial overlaps between protected areas removed to avoid double counting.


Citation:
Battistella, L., Mandrici, A., Bastin, L., Bertzky, B., Dubois, G. (2016)
Map of protection levels for the marine ecoregions of the world as of April 2016.
© European Union, 2016. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.

Map of protection levels for the terrestrial and marine ecoregions of the world as of April 2016

The map shows the percentage of coverage of the terrestrial and marine ecoregions of the world, excluding lakes, rock and ice, by protected areas. The statistics were computed using the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA) from April 2016 and ecoregion maps defined by Olsen et al. (2001) and Spalding et al. (2007). The marine ecoregions were clipped to the coastline of the terrestrial ecoregions and an outer boundary corresponding to the 200-meter isobath (Spalding et al. 2007). The analysis used all designated protected areas recorded in the WDPA as polygons, or points with a reported area, except for UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves because many of their buffer areas do not meet the protected area definition of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). All protected areas with a “proposed” or “not reported” status in the WDPA were excluded from the analysis. Points were buffered with a circular buffer corresponding to their reported area. Buffered points and polygons were then combined and all spatial overlaps between protected areas removed to avoid double counting. 


Citation:
Battistella, L., Mandrici, A., Bastin, L., Bertzky, B., Dubois, G. (2016)
Map of protection levels for the terrestrial and marine ecoregions of the world as of April 2016.
© European Union, 2016. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.

 


Map of protection levels for the terrestrial and marine ecoregions of the world as of August 2014

The map shows the percentage of coverage of the terrestrial and marine ecoregions of the world, excluding lakes, rock and ice, by protected areas. The statistics were computed using the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA) from August 2014 and ecoregion maps defined by Olsen et al. (2001) and Spalding et al. (2007). The marine ecoregions were clipped to the coastline of the terrestrial ecoregions and an outer boundary corresponding to the 200-meter isobath (Spalding et al. 2007). The analysis used all designated protected areas recorded in the WDPA as polygons, or points with a reported area, except for UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves because many of their buffer areas do not meet the protected area definition of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). All protected areas with a “proposed” or “not reported” status in the WDPA were excluded from the analysis. Points were buffered with a circular buffer corresponding to their reported area. Buffered points and polygons were then combined and all spatial overlaps between protected areas removed to avoid double counting. 


Citation:
Battistella, L., Temperley, W., Bastin, L., Bertzky, B., Martinez-Lopez, J., Dubois, G. (2015)
Map of protection levels for the terrestrial and marine ecoregions of the world as of August 2014.
© European Union, 2015. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.

 


Map of protection levels for the marine ecoregions of the world as of August 2014

The map shows the percentage of coverage of the marine ecoregions of the world by protected areas. The statistics were computed using the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA) from August 2014 and ecoregion maps defined by Spalding et al. (2007). The marine ecoregions were clipped to the coastline of the terrestrial ecoregions of the world (Olson et al. 2001) and an outer boundary corresponding to the 200-meter isobath (Spalding et al. 2007). The analysis used all designated protected areas recorded in the WDPA as polygons, or points with a reported area, except for UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves because many of their buffer areas do not meet the protected area definition of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). All protected areas with a “proposed” or “not reported” status in the WDPA were excluded from the analysis. Points were buffered with a circular buffer corresponding to their reported area. Buffered points and polygons were then combined and all spatial overlaps between protected areas removed to avoid double counting.


Citation:
Battistella, L., Temperley, W., Bastin, L., Bertzky, B., Martinez-Lopez, J., Dubois, G. (2015)
Map of protection levels for the marine ecoregions of the world as of August 2014. 
© European Union, 2015. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.

Map of protection levels for the terrestrial ecoregions of the world as of August 2014

The map shows the percentage of coverage of the terrestrial ecoregions of the world, excluding lakes, rock and ice, by protected areas. The statistics were computed using the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA) from August 2014 and ecoregion maps defined by Olsen et al. (2001). The analysis used all designated protected areas recorded in the WDPA as polygons, or points with a reported area, except for UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves because many of their buffer areas do not meet the protected area definition of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). All protected areas with a “proposed” or “not reported” status in the WDPA were excluded from the analysis. Points were buffered with a circular buffer corresponding to their reported area. Buffered points and polygons were then combined and all spatial overlaps between protected areas removed to avoid double counting.


Citation:
Battistella, L., Temperley, W., Bastin, L., Bertzky, B., Martinez-Lopez, J., Dubois, G. (2015)
Map of protection levels for the terrestrial ecoregions of the world as of August 2014.
© European Union, 2015. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.

 


Protected connected land at country level as of June 2016

This map corresponds to the one shown in Figure 2 in our paper in Biological Conservation (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.12.020). More specifically, the layer on the map contains the values of the ProtConnBound indicator, which measures the percentage of country area covered by protected and connected lands considering the part of Protected Area (PA) connectivity that is in the power of a country to influence, i.e. factoring out the PA isolation due to the sea and to foreign lands. The values correspond to a median dispersal distance of 10 km. The layer includes the ProtConn values for all the countries or territories (ISO3 codes) differentiated in the GAUL country layer for year 2015.


Citation:
Saura, S., Bertzky, B., Bastin, L., Battistella, L., Mandrici, A., Dubois, G. 2018.
European Union, 2018. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.

 


Protected Connected land (%) and protected area coverage (%) for the terrestrial ecoregions of the world as of June 2016

The map shows the values of Protected Connected land (ProtConn, % of ecoregion area covered by protected connected lands), calculated for a reference median species dispersal distance of 10 km, and of protected area coverage (% of ecoregion area under protection) for all the terrestrial ecoregions of the world (lakes and Antarctica excluded). ProtConn accounts for both the land area that can be reached within protected areas and that reachable through the connections between different protected areas. Both ProtConn and protected area coverage are expressed as a percentage of ecoregion area and can be hence compared; note that, by definition, ProtConn can never be higher that the protected area coverage (it is not possible to have more protected connected lands than the total amount of protected land in an ecoregion). ProtConn was calculated using the public version of the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) of June 2016 and the ecoregion maps produced by Olsen et al. (2001). Both ProtConn and the protected area coverage in this map have been calculated considering only the protected area polygons with a size of at least 1 km2. See Saura et al. (2017) for further details on the ProtConn indicator, its interpretation, and the methods used to produce this map.

Citation:

Saura, S., Bastin, L., Battistella, L., Mandrici, A., Dubois, G. 2017.

Protected areas in the world’s ecoregions: how well connected are they? Ecological Indicators 76: 144-158,
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.12.047

© European Union, 2017. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.


Protected Connected land (%) for the terrestrial ecoregions of the world as of June 2016

The map shows the values of the Protected Connected land (ProtConn) indicator for all the terrestrial ecoregions of the world (lakes and Antarctica excluded) for a reference median species dispersal distance of 10 km. ProtConn is the percentage of the ecoregion area covered by protected connected lands; it accounts for both the land area that can be reached within protected areas and that which is reachable through the connections between different protected areas. ProtConn was calculated using the public version of the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) of June 2016 and the ecoregion maps produced by Olsen et al. (2001). See Saura et al. (2017) for further details on the ProtConn indicator and on the methods used to produce this map.


Citation:

Saura, S., Bastin, L., Battistella, L., Mandrici, A., Dubois, G. 2017.

Protected areas in the world’s ecoregions: how well connected are they? Ecological Indicators 76: 144-158,

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.12.047

© European Union, 2017. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.


Digital Observatory For Protected Areas V 3.0
This dataset provides the main information extracted from the DOPA Explorer 3.0 (version of November 2018) at country, ecoregion and protected areas levels.
Dubois, G., Mandrici, A., Delli, G., Battistella, L., Bastin, L., Garcia Bendito, E., Graziano, M., Saura Martinez De Toda, S., Conti, M. and Bertzky, B., Digital Observatory for Protected Areas v3.0, European Commission, 2018, JRC115972.