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EU Biodiversity Strategy Actions Tracker

In the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030, the EU and its Member States committed to implement more than 100 actions by 2030. Please see below an overview of progress.

This tool is designed to track progress in the implementation of the actions listed in the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030.



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COHERENT NETWORK OF PROTECTED AREAS

Target 3 - Effectively manage all protected areas, defining clear conservation objectives and measures, and monitoring them appropriately.

Updated on: 2021-12-07


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The EU Member States are the main actors, with a legal obligation (under the EU Nature Directives) to complete the EU Natura 2000 network of protected areas on land and at sea. This will also contribute to the 2030 target to protect 30% of land and 30% of sea areas in the EU, including 10% strictly protected areas. The establishment of the terrestrial Natura 2000 network is almost complete. There are still significant gaps for marine areas. The Commission promotes compliance, including through the bilateral “Nature Dialogues” between the Commission and the Member States, and takes enforcement action as necessary.


Main Actors:
MS

Chef de File:
ENV

Updated on: 2021-12-08


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The Commission will facilitate and coordinate actions with authorities and stakeholders in the biogeographical regions and in the framework of the regional sea conventions, with support from the European Environment Agency, to make sure that the nature protection targets will be met on land and sea by 2030.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM
EEA
MS

Chef de File:
ENV

Updated on: 2021-12-14


Deadline: 2030

Summary: Green infrastructure is important to increase ecological connectivity, ecosystem health and resilience, harness the multiple benefits of healthy ecosystems and contribute to the overall coherence of the EU Nature Network. To achieve this, the Commission will continue to work with the Member States to mainstream Green Infrastructure and Nature-Based Solutions across EU funding instruments and national programming documents. Regional cooperation and projects in the Outermost Regions and the Overseas Countries and Territories are also relevant for this action. This action builds on the EU Guidance on the deployment of strategic EU-level green and blue infrastructure.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
ENV

Updated on: 2021-12-14


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The EU Biodiversity Strategy aims to protect and restore tropical and sub-tropical marine and terrestrial ecosystems in the EU's Outermost regions, and encourages Member States to consider promoting equivalent rules in the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs). To this end, a number of initiatives are being developed. Grant schemes will allow the continuation of LIFE4BEST and BEST 2.0, unlock local potential on the ground, enable capacity building and knowledge creation (data collection, scientific advice). , as well as actions for the protection and restoration of tropical and sub-tropical ecosystems in Outermost Regions covered by the Nature Directives (of Spain and Portugal). The 2nd Life4BEST call for proposals was launched in September 2020 and closed in March 2021, and a new call was launched under the LIFE Programme in 2021 to set up the grant facility. In the context of the Action Plan for the Outermost Regions, a study has been launched to map the state of data collection and scientific advice on fisheries, and to identify data gaps in the Outermost regions. The contribution of the European Maritime Fund for Aquaculture and Fisheries to climate and biodiversity targets will be monitored also for the Outermost Regions. The Commission is also considering how to strengthen the biodiversity dimension in the ongoing development of a new Outermost regions strategy, envisaged for adoption in spring 2022. The European Parliament Resolution on the Outermost regions adopted on 14 September 2021 and the European Committee of the Regions’ Opinion adopted in December 2020 make further calls for EU action to support biodiversity.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM
MS
OR

Chef de File:
ENV


EU NATURE RESTORATION PLAN

Strengthening the EU legal framework for nature restoration

Target 4 - Legally binding EU nature restoration targets to be proposed in 2021, subject to an impact assessment. By 2030, significant areas of degraded and carbon-rich ecosystems are restored. Habitats and species show no deterioration in conservation trends and status; and at least 30% reach favourable conservation status or at least show a positive trend.

Updated on: 2021-12-14


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The EU Member States will be in charge of restoring protected species and habitats, in line with the (future) EU restoration targets (Action 10), the Guidance on the selection and prioritisation of species and habitats for restoration (Action 11) and related Biodiversity Strategy restoration commitments.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM
EEA
MS

Chef de File:
ENV

Bringing nature back to agricultural land

Target 5 - The decline of pollinators is reversed.

Updated on: 2021-12-14


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The EU Pollinators Initiative aims to (i) improve knowledge of pollinator decline, its causes and consequences; (ii) tackle the causes of pollinator decline and (iii) raise awareness, engaging society-at-large and promoting collaboration. Work is ongoing to fully implement the short-term (2020) actions and long-term objectives of the EU Pollinators Initiative. Recent progress includes the publication of a proposal for an EU Pollinator Monitoring Scheme, and an European Environment Agency (EEA)/ European Topic Centre (ETC) report on the importance on Annex I habitats for pollinators and assessment of the conservation status of protected pollinator habitats. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has advanced on the review of the Guidance Document for the risk assessment for bees. The Commission has launched contracts for the development of the European Red List of Moths and Species Action Plans, and for the assessment of the state of taxonomic expertise on insects in Europe. Cross-links will be made to the tracking and monitoring of relevant F2F actions, and to biodiversity monitoring and reporting.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM
EEA
MS

Chef de File:
ENV

Target 6 - The risk and use of chemical pesticides is reduced by 50%, and the use of more hazardous pesticides is reduced by 50%.

Updated on: 2021-12-14


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The European Commission announced two pesticide reduction targets as part to the Farm to Fork Strategy and the Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 in May 2020. These are a 50% reduction in the use and risk of chemical pesticides and a 50% reduction in the use of more hazardous pesticides. Ensuring progress to this target can be supported by a range of measures, including ongoing efforts to strengthen pesticide risk assessment and authorisation. The Commission will also encourage improved use of integrated pest management (including under the CAP) and increased efficiency of pesticide use, as well as improved data collection. Additional long-term actions to strengthen integrated pest management and data collection are being considered in the ongoing revision of the Sustainable Use of Pesticides Directive. Each year, the Commission will publish progress at European Union level towards meeting both targets.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
SANTE

Target 7 - At least 10% of agricultural area is under high-diversity landscape features.

Updated on: 2022-05-05


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is the main policy to ensure that 10% of agricultural land is devoted to high-biodiversity landscape features. This will be provided for through conditionality (GAEC 9) and incentives (CAP Pillar 1 and Pillar 2). Trilogues on the CAP reform proposal reached agreement in June 2021. The Member States are working to present their CAP Strategic Plans. The Commission has provided guidance and is engaged in exchanges with the MS to ensure that CAP instruments and Strategic Plans provide support for measures to bring back agricultural area under high-diversity landscape features.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM
MS

Chef de File:
AGRI
ENV

Updated on: 2021-12-08


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The Commission will constantly review progress on the target of 10% high-diversity landscape features on agricultural land and, if necessary, it may take measures to mitigate against undue impact on biodiversity, food security and farmers' competitiveness.


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
AGRI
ENV

Forest quantity, health and resilience

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The Forest Information System for Europe (FISE) was launched in 2020, with the aim to make it Europe’s knowledge tool to monitor the state, health and sustainability of Europe’s many forests. It will also be a key tool in monitoring the implementation of the European Green Deal objectives in relation to forests. The Commission outlined the further development of FISE as part of the new EU Forest Strategy and will work with the Member States to further develop FISE so that it can capture all elements of forest pressures, status and changes in quality and quantity.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM
EEA
MS

Chef de File:
ENV

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2030

Summary: Summary: The Commission is working with the Member States to ensure that afforestation and reforestation measures support biodiversity and promote closer-to-nature forestry practices. This includes the integration of relevant measures in the Member States’ CAP strategic plans.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM
MS

Chef de File:
AGRI
ECHO
ENV

Addressing land take and restoring soil ecosystems

Target 10 - Significant progress in the remediation of contaminated soil sites.

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2030

Summary: As set out in the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030, the Member States will need to identify contaminated soil sites, restore degraded soils and improve soil monitoring. The Commission and the Member States are working to integrate objectives and measures to this end in relevant EU instruments, to define the conditions for good ecological status of soil, introduce restoration objectives and take action to improve the monitoring of soil quality.


Main Actors:
COM
MS

Chef de File:
ENV

Updated on: 2022-04-07


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The Horizon Europe mission on a Soil Deal for Europe will support research into solutions in the area of soil health and food, in line with the objectives and targets of the EU Green Deal and of the EU Biodiversity Strategy and the Farm to Fork Strategy. The Horizon Europe mission in the area of soil health and food has been validated by the Commission’s Project Group and will proceed to a preparatory phase before implementation. The DDL has been aligned with the time span of Horizon Europe.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
ENV
RTD

Win-win solutions for energy generation

Updated on: 2022-01-13


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The Commission is assessing the current and future sources and uses of biomass from all primary production sectors in the EU, and related sustainability. The aim is to better understand and monitor the potential climate and biodiversity risks, and to support the design and implementation of policy measures. This is a long-term mandate that started in 2014. The Commission publishes a report every two years (the next report is coming up in 2022). In 2021, the Commission published a study on "The use of woody biomass for energy production in the EU" (2021).

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
JRC

Restoring freshwater ecosystems

Target 11 - At least 25,000 km of free-flowing rivers are restored.

Updated on: 2021-12-10


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The Member States will be in the lead to implement this action. By 2030, Member States should have collectively removed enough barriers to restore the natural functions of rivers and their floodplains, with a view to achieve at least 25,000 km of free-flowing rivers.


Main Actors:
MS

Chef de File:
ENV

Addressing invasive alien species

Target 12 - There is a 50% reduction in the number of Red List species threatened by invasive alien species.

Updated on: 2022-04-06


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The Commission will work with the Member States to step up implementation of the EU Regulation on Invasive Alien Species (IAS) and other relevant legislation and international instruments. The aim is to ensure that the introduction and establishment of alien species in the EU environment is minimised and where possible is eliminated, while established invasive alien species are managed. A review of the application of the EU Regulation on Invasive Alien Species was published in 2021. An update of the list of IAS of Union concern will be published in the beginning of 2022 and will be updated afterwards about every two years.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM
MS

Chef de File:
ENV

Reducing pollution

Target 13 - The losses of nutrients from fertilisers are reduced by 50%, resulting in the reduction of the use of fertilisers by at least 20%.

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The Commission will increase ongoing policy implementation and enforcement efforts in order to reduce by at least 50% nutrient losses from nitrogen and phosphorus fertilisers, while ensuring that there is no deterioration in soil fertility. The aim is to reduce nutrient pollution to amounts within safe planetary boundaries, in line with the targets set by the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030, the Farm to Fork Strategy and the Zero Pollution Action Plan.


Main Actors:
COM
MS

Chef de File:
ENV

Greening urban and peri-urban areas

Target 14 - Cities with at least 20,000 inhabitants have an ambitious Urban Greening Plan.

Updated on: 2022-05-05


Deadline: 2030

Summary: This action can be taken up by sub-national authorities in the Member States. The aim is to ensure that urban planning processes systematically incorporate and promote green Infrastructure thinking and nature-based solutions. Such approaches will be incorporated into the guidance for the preparing Urban greening plans and delivered via the Urban Greening Platform.


Main Actors:
MS - cities over 20,000 inhabitants

Chef de File:
ENV

Restoring marine ecosystems

Target 15 - The negative impacts on sensitive species and habitats, including on the seabed through fishing and extraction activities, are substantially reduced to achieve good environmental status.

Updated on: 2022-05-05


Deadline: 2030

Summary: This action is linked to the action on fisheries management measures, and to the action plan to conserve fisheries resources and protect marine ecosystems. The objectives are partially achieved, for fish stocks with MSY advice in the northeast Atlantic (including the North Sea, Channel, Irish and Baltic Seas), although some stocks are above and some are below this rate. In the Mediterranean Sea the current rate is still close to twice the target rate. For the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, the Fisheries Council decided on a 7.5% reduction of fishing effort for 2021, complemented by an international commitment to implement a 10% reduction. The Council also agreed to a 12% reduction of fishing effort for demersal stocks in the Adriatic in 2021.


Main Actors:
COM
MS

Chef de File:
MARE

Updated on: 2021-12-01


Deadline: 2030

Summary: Marine protected areas need to be designated and effectively managed to protect habitats and species protected by the Birds and Habitats Directives as well as to achieve good environmental status of marine ecosystems under the MSFD. Management of a given MPA may require regulating fishing activities. Since the conservation of marine biological resources under the common fisheries policy (CFP) is an exclusive competence of the European Union, it is up to the EU to take any fisheries-related measures. The CFP provides for a toolbox for taking fisheries conservation measures and gives also Member States the chance to play an active role in designing fisheries measures through the so-called regionalisation.


Main Actors:
COM
MS

Chef de File:
MARE

Target 16 - The by-catch of species is eliminated or reduced to a level that allows species recovery and conservation.

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The by-catch of species threatened with extinction must be eliminated or reduced to a level that allows their full recovery. This should also be the case for species in bad conservation status or not in good environmental status under the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Furthermore, by-catch of other species must be eliminated or, where this is not possible, minimised so as not to threaten their conservation status. To support this, data collection on by-catch for all sensitive species needs to be stepped up.


Main Actors:
COM
MS

Chef de File:
ENV
MARE


ENABLING TRANSFORMATIVE CHANGE

Stepping up implementation and enforcement of EU environmental legislation

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The Commission and the Member States will work to increase political support, financial and human resources in order to ensure that environmental-related legislation with an impact on biodiversity (in particular the EU Nature Directives and other key biodiversity legislation, the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and the Water Framework Directive) is implemented, enforced and - where necessary - reviewed and revised.


Main Actors:
COM
MS

Chef de File:
ENV

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The 2018 Action Plan on environmental compliance assurance and the Environmental Compliance and Governance Forum aim to support and promote legal compliance and combat environmental crime. In April 2020, a Good practice document on combatting environmental crime was published, in addition to several other actions aimed at reinforcing the capacities of national environmental inspectors, police, prosecutors and judges working on nature-related infringements and crimes. This includes work on training, national complaint-handling mechanisms, and geospatial intelligence. The work will be conducted with the EU-level networks of environmental practitioners, such as ENPE (prosecutors), IMPEL (inspectors), EUFJE (judges) and EnviCrimeNet (police and other enforcement officers) that work together with the Commission’s support on effectively tackling environmental crime, including wildlife crime.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM
MS

Chef de File:
ENV

Business for biodiversity

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The Commission will continue to support and cooperate with networks of businesses (corporates and investors) working to integrate biodiversity and natural capital considerations into their decision making. The Commission will continue to facilitate the sharing and mainstreaming of best practices by businesses as well as business-driven initiatives and frameworks for measuring and accounting for natural capital impacts and dependencies.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM
MS

Chef de File:
ENV

Updated on: 2022-04-27


Deadline: 2030

Summary: On 21 April 2021, the Commission adopted a proposal for a Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD), which would amend the existing reporting requirements of the NFRD. The proposal: • extends the scope to all large companies and all companies listed on regulated markets (except listed micro-enterprises) • requires the audit (assurance) of reported information • introduces more detailed reporting requirements, and a requirement to report according to mandatory EU sustainability reporting standards • requires companies to digitally ‘tag’ the reported information, so it is machine readable and feeds into the European single access point envisaged in the capital markets union action plan.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
FISMA

Financing for biodiversity

Updated on: 2021-12-14


Deadline: 2030

Summary: Unlocking the necessary funds to implement the EU Biodiversity Strategy will require increase financing from public budgets and private actors at national and EU level. This includes effective mainstreaming, as well as tracking of biodiversity spending in relevant EU funds, both under the 2021-2027 Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) and under Next Generation EU. Implementation of this action will be supported by the ambition to dedicate 7,5% in 2024, and 10% as of 2026, of MFF to biodiversity. This target has been reflected in most regulations pertaining to individual EU funds. The Commission continues to work with the Member States to ensure that funding opportunities for biodiversity are taken up in the programming of national measures under EU funds. The Commission is carrying out a study with a view to updating the Commission’s methodology to track biodiversity in the MFF, and assessing funding needs to implement the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030, current levels of funding and the remaining finance gap. The Commission presented the draft biodiversity tracking methodology to the European Parliament, the Council, Member States and stakeholders in Autumn 2021, and is planning to release the final methodology early 2022.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM
MS

Chef de File:
BUDG

Updated on: 2021-12-15


Deadline: 2030

Summary: This action is about ensuring the full implementation of the Polluter Pays Principle, with markets reflecting biodiversity externalities and providing a full incentive to avoid biodiversity damage. A study funded by the European Parliament was completed at the end of 2021. It will inform and support actions by stakeholders and the Member States. The action will also be supported via the European Semester process.

Links:


Main Actors:
MS

Chef de File:
ENV
FISMA


EU EXTERNAL ACTION AND AN AMBITIOUS GLOBAL BIODIVERSITY AGENDA

Trade policy

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2030

Summary: Enforcing biodiversity provisions in all trade agreements will require engaging in discussions for better cooperation on biodiversity with Free Trade Agreement (FTA) partner countries at bilateral and multilateral level. It will also imply monitoring the impacts of trade on biodiversity and partner countries' implementation of commitments under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
ENV
TRADE

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2030

Summary: A study has been published in 2021 on developing a methodology to assess trade liberalization impacts on biodiversity. It will allow for the creation of a handbook for the Commission to carry out sustainability impact assessments and ex-post evaluations of trade agreements. The aim is also to implement this methodology for existing trade agreements and propose actions to strengthen the biodiversity provisions of trade agreements.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
ENV
TRADE

Deforestation, wildlife trafficking, illicit trade

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2030

Summary: Aid for Trade (AfT) is a 2005 WTO-led initiative; it encompasses a third of EU projects and programmes in support of trade and productive capacities in EU partner countries. The aim is to mobilise AfT to facilitate the transition towards more environmentally sustainable development and growth models, including by supporting biodiversity-friendly trade. This can fit within the broader AfT objective of assisting countries’ transition to low carbon and climate change resilient economies.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
INTPA
TRADE

International cooperation, neighbourhood policy and resource mobilisation

Updated on: 2021-10-13


Deadline: 2030

Summary: None


Main Actors:
COM
MS

Chef de File:
SANTE

Updated on: 2021-12-10


Deadline: 2030

Summary: None


Main Actors:
COM
EEAS

Chef de File:
EEAS
FPI
INTPA
NEAR

Updated on: 2021-12-10


Deadline: 2030

Summary: EU external action and cooperation on biodiversity includes direct support to conservation, sustainable use, restoration, sharing of benefits, the mainstreaming of nature across development sectors and policies and the transition in development and investment models towards more biodiversity and ecosystem friendly pathways. The EU will continue to support the multilateral biodiversity agenda and the preparation of the future global biodiversity framework. This will include continued financial support through the Neighbourhood Development and International Cooperation - Global Europe Instrument (NDICI-Global Europe). The President of the Commission announced in the State of the Union speech (September 2021) that the EU would double its external funding for biodiversity, in particular for the most vulnerable countries. The Commission is working on the operationalization of this commitment.


Main Actors:
COM
MS

Chef de File:
INTPA
NEAR

Updated on: 2021-12-10


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The aim is to bring all EU neighbourhood countries on board in the implementation of the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030, particularly those aspiring for EU membership. The Neighbourhood Development and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI) and the new Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA III) will be the primary financial instrument under the 2021-2027 Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) to support the EU neighbourhood and Western Balkans, including sustainable management of natural resources. In September 2021 State of the Union Address, Commission President Von Der Leyen announced that the EU would double its external funding for biodiversity, especially for the most vulnerable countries.


Main Actors:
COM
MS

Chef de File:
NEAR

Updated on: 2021-12-10


Deadline: 2030

Summary: The NaturAfrica initiative identifies key areas and landscapes in Sub-Saharan Africa for EU action to tackle biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation while enabling sustainable green development and bringing multiple benefits to local communities, partner countries and the EU. In the short term, it will develop actions in key landscapes for conservation and development, building on the positive benefits that protected areas bring to society and the economy, encouraging networks of protected areas and knowledge-sharing. In the medium term, it will extend support beyond key landscapes to address the root causes of biodiversity loss and environmental degradation while mainstreaming biodiversity and improving governance. Multiple initiatives linking action on biodiversity and ecosystems to sustainable green development and benefits to / participation of local communities are being prepared in other regions as part of Multiannual Indicative Programs, with a strong Team Europe Dimension (targeting for instance Sahel, Amazon or the Pacific) including an increasing focus on action in support of cross-border landscapes.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
INTPA

Updated on: 2021-12-10


Deadline: 2030

Summary: None


Main Actors:
COM
MS

Chef de File:
INTPA