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EU Biodiversity Strategy Actions Tracker

In the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030, the EU and its Member States committed to implement more than 100 actions by 2030. Please see below an overview of progress.

This tool is designed to track progress in the implementation of the actions listed in the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030.



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COHERENT NETWORK OF PROTECTED AREAS

Target 3 - Effectively manage all protected areas, defining clear conservation objectives and measures, and monitoring them appropriately.

Updated on: None


Deadline: 2021

Summary: The EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 sets the target to place 30% of EU land area and 30% of EU sea area under protection by 2030, and to place a third of these areas (10%) under strict protection. To support the Member States, the Commission has published criteria and guidance for identifying and designating additional protected areas, including a definition of strict protection, as well as for appropriate management planning. The guidance also indicates how other effective area-based conservation measures could contribute to the targets. It is the result of extensive consultations with Member States' authorities, experts and stakeholders.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM
MS

Chef de File:
ENV

Updated on: 2021-12-08


Deadline: 2021

Summary: In addition to Natura 2000 sites, Member States have designated different types of national and regional protected areas. These protected areas will need to be assessed against the criteria defined under Action 1, in order to verify the current baseline and identify the magnitude of the remaining gaps. The Commission and the EEA will work with the Member States to set up a reporting system for protected areas beyond Natura 2000, as part of the CDDA reporting system. This will allow for an assessment of progress towards the 2030 nature protection targets. The Commission will facilitate and coordinate related actions with authorities and stakeholders in the biogeographical regions and in the framework of the regional sea conventions.


Main Actors:
COM
EEA

Chef de File:
ENV

Updated on: 2022-05-05


Deadline: 2021

Delay: 2022

Summary: Strictly protecting all primary and old-growth forests in the EU requires preparatory work to identify existing definitions and concepts for such forests across the EU, followed by a complete mapping of these areas, stock-taking of existing monitoring measures and future monitoring needs, and a review of evidence on protection regimes and the impact of various activities on these ecosystems. Based on this initial stocktaking, the Commission is working with Member States and stakeholders to develop common definitions and prescribe mapping, monitoring and protection measures for primary and old-growth forests in the EU. Work is ongoing in the Working Group on Forests and Nature, which brings together nature protection and forestry management authorities in the Member States and EU level stakeholders. Member States should urgently engage in completing the mapping and monitoring, and ensuring no deterioration until they start to apply the protection regime.


Main Actors:
COM
MS

Chef de File:
ENV


EU NATURE RESTORATION PLAN

Strengthening the EU legal framework for nature restoration

Target 4 - Legally binding EU nature restoration targets to be proposed in 2021, subject to an impact assessment. By 2030, significant areas of degraded and carbon-rich ecosystems are restored. Habitats and species show no deterioration in conservation trends and status; and at least 30% reach favourable conservation status or at least show a positive trend.

Updated on: 2022-04-27


Deadline: 2021

Delay: 2022

Summary: The Commission is preparing a legislative proposal on binding EU targets to restore degraded ecosystems, in order to improve their condition, resilience and contribution to carbon capture and storage as well as to prevent and reduce the impact of natural disasters. The Commission is finalising its Impact Assessment and legislative proposal. The adoption of the proposal by the Commission, which was foreseen on 23 March, had to be postponed due to Russia’s military aggression against Ukraine. The Commission has been working full speed on reacting to that rapidly developing situation, urgently adopting a series of previously unforeseen measures. The Commission has tentatively re-scheduled the adoption of the proposal for a Nature Restoration Law to 22 June 2022 - the date remains to be confirmed. The Commission will also put forward, in 2022, an EU-wide methodology to map, assess and achieve good condition of ecosystems, and to identify their exposure and vulnerability to climate change so that they can deliver essential ecosystem services.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
ENV

Updated on: 2021-12-14


Deadline: 2021

Summary: The EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 sets a target for Member States to ensure that at least 30% of their species and habitats protected under the Birds and Habitats Directives currently not in favourable status will be in that category by 2030, or at least show a strong positive trend. In addition, the target also provides that, by 2030, no more species or habitats should show a decline. In order to support the Member States in the selection and prioritisation of species and habitats for improvements to be achieved under that target, the Commission has developed a technical guidance note with the European Environment Agency (EEA), Member States and stakeholders in the frame of the Nature Directive Expert Group (NADEG). The guidance note was finalised in June 2021.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM
EEA
MS

Chef de File:
ENV

Bringing nature back to agricultural land

Target 5 - The decline of pollinators is reversed.

Updated on: 2021-12-08


Deadline: 2021

Summary: The Commission published its Report on the implementation of the EU Pollinators initiative in May 2021. The report takes stock of the implementation of short-term (2020) actions and of progress to the long-term (2030) objectives of the initiative.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
ENV

Target 8 - At least 25% of agricultural land is under organic farming management, and the uptake of agro-ecological practices is significantly increased.

Updated on: 2021-12-08


Deadline: 2021

Summary: The EU Biodiversity Strategy and the EU Farm-to-Fork Strategy set the target to manage 25% of agricultural land under organic farming by 2030. The Action Plan on Organic Farming aims to promote the adoption of organic farming practices to achieve this target, as well as the development of organic products and demand for organic products. The Action Plan was adopted in March 2021.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
AGRI

Forest quantity, health and resilience

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2021

Summary: The new EU forest strategy for 2030 was adopted in July 2021. Its implementation will contribute to achieving the EU biodiversity and climate objectives. The strategy is accompanied by two staff working documents, on the Stakeholder Consultation and Evidence Base, and on the 3 Billion Tree Planting Pledge for 2030.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
AGRI
COM
ENV

Target 9 - Three billion additional trees are planted in the EU, in full respect of ecological principles.

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2021

Summary: As part of the new EU Forest Strategy, the Commission presented a Roadmap for planting at least 3 billion additional trees in the EU by 2030, in full respect of ecological principles. On 9 December, the Commission also launched a Counter to the target of 3 billion trees (see link below).

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
ENV

Addressing land take and restoring soil ecosystems

Target 10 - Significant progress in the remediation of contaminated soil sites.

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2021

Summary: The new EU Soil Thematic Strategy was adopted in November 2021. It aims to tackle in a comprehensive way soil and land degradation, as well as to fulfil EU and international commitments on land degradation neutrality.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
ENV

Updated on: 2022-01-13


Deadline: 2021

Delay: 2022

Summary: The Commission will propose measures to limit, mitigate and compensate soil sealing and scale up related actions. Rehabilitation and recycling of brownfields reduces additional land take and sealing: registering (potentially) polluted sites is key as well as providing sufficient financial support for remediation. Some measures on a sustainable built environment have already been frontloaded in the Recovery and Resilience Facility and in the ‘Renovation Wave for Europe’, and integrated in the new Soil Strategy (2021). The Commission intends to put forward a holistic approach for the built environment in 2022.


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
GROW

Win-win solutions for energy generation

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2021

Summary: This action will be supported by the Implementing Act on REDII sustainability criteria for forest biomass (see 40) and the Revision of the 2018 renewable energy directive (see Action 38).


Main Actors:
COM
EEA
MS

Chef de File:
ENER

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2021

Summary: The aim of this action is to apply win-win solutions that reduce emissions to the extent required by the EU's climate-neutrality goal for 2050, while promoting biodiversity preservation. The EU will prioritise solutions such as ocean energy or offshore wind which also allows for fish stock regeneration, solar-panel farms that provide biodiversity-friendly soil cover, and sustainable bioenergy. The main relevant instruments include the revision of the Renewable energy Directive (see Action 38), and the Implementing Act on Forest Biomass (see Action 40), the Offshore Renewable Energy Strategy and Guidance document on wind energy developments and EU nature legislation adopted in November 2020.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM
EEA
MS

Chef de File:
ENER

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2021

Summary: The objective of the Commission’s legislative proposals, delivered in June 2021 as part of the Fit for 55 package, is to ensure that the EU regulatory framework on bioenergy is in line with the increased ambition set out in the European Green Deal. The review of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED aims to reduce emissions to the extent required to reach the climate-neutrality goal for 2050, while promoting resource-efficient economic growth, job creation, technological leadership, pollution reduction and biodiversity preservation. The review of the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) is driven by the 2030 climate ambition and 2050 long-term goal, while taking account of the need for just transition. The review of the LULUCF Regulation aims to align the regulatory framework to an EU-wide target to reduce emissions by 55% in 2030 while ensuring a just transition and taking into account synergies with other land-related sectors (agriculture, bio-economy), uses (nature-based solutions, closer-to-nature forestry) and policies. To this effect, the initiative aims to create stronger policy incentives that realise the EU’s potential to reduce land emissions, enhance substitution of fossil-based materials and enhance land-based sinks in the land use sector.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
COM
ENER

Updated on: 2022-01-13


Deadline: 2021

Delay: 2022

Summary: The guidance under development by the Commission aims to ensure correct, robust and harmonised implementation of the new forest biomass criteria of Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) throughout the EU.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
ENER

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2021

Summary: Under this action, and with the support of a technical project, the Commission will assess latest data on biofuels with high indirect land-use change risk, in order to establish a trajectory for their gradual phase out by 2030.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
ENER

Restoring freshwater ecosystems

Target 11 - At least 25,000 km of free-flowing rivers are restored.

Updated on: 2021-12-21


Deadline: 2021

Summary: The target to achieve at least 25,000 km of free flowing rivers in the EU aims at supporting the restoration of freshwater ecosystems and the natural functions of rivers, by removing barriers and restoring floodplains and wetlands. The Commission is developing, in close consultation with authorities in the Member States as well as with EU level stakeholders, guidance to assist the Member States in: • identifying (primarily obsolete) barriers that are feasible to remove, with a view to re-establishing the natural functions of a river system and restoring free flowing rivers. • identifying possible funding sources for restoration at the identified sites.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
ENV

Reducing pollution

Target 13 - The losses of nutrients from fertilisers are reduced by 50%, resulting in the reduction of the use of fertilisers by at least 20%.

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2021

Summary: The zero pollution vision for 2050 is that air, water and soil pollution will be reduced to levels that are no longer considered harmful to health and natural ecosystems, and that respect the boundaries with which our planet can cope, thereby creating a toxic-free environment. The Zero Pollution Action Plan was adopted in May 2021.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
ENV

Greening urban and peri-urban areas

Target 14 - Cities with at least 20,000 inhabitants have an ambitious Urban Greening Plan.

Updated on: 2022-04-27


Deadline: 2021

Delay: 2022

Summary: The Commission will publish guidance to help cities and municipalities to develop and implement ambitious and meaningful Urban Greening Plans fully integrated into all relevant aspects of the local planning process.


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
ENV

Updated on: 2022-04-27


Deadline: 2021

Delay: 2022

Summary: An online Urban Greening Platform will be set up to provide a coherent point for cities to access information and support in setting up their Urban Greening Plans. It will be integrated with the existing relevant Commission technical tools and urban environment initiatives such as the Green City Accord.


Main Actors:
COM
COR
Covenant of Mayors

Chef de File:
ENV


ENABLING TRANSFORMATIVE CHANGE

A new governance framework

Updated on: 2022-05-05


Deadline: 2021

Summary: The Commission has launched an enhanced EU biodiversity governance framework to enable coherent implementation, progress monitoring and review of the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030. The EU Biodiversity Platform, the main expert group for the coordinated implementation of the Strategy, was launched in early 2022 with a strengthened mandate and membership, as well as mechanisms to engage better with the knowledge community and interact with Commission groups in other policy areas. A transparent mechanism for progress monitoring has been set up with a public actions tracker. A targets dashboard is being set up to show progress to each EU Biodiversity Target, with a set of indicators under development as a basis for corrective action if necessary. The aim is to encourage co-responsibility by relevant actors in meeting the biodiversity commitments, as well as forge better links with relevant processes in other policy areas and across governance levels. The Commission will also develop, in 2022, measures to support the strengthening of administrative capacity for implementation, stakeholder dialogue and participatory governance.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM
EEA
MS

Chef de File:
ENV

Stepping up implementation and enforcement of EU environmental legislation

Updated on: 2021-12-15


Deadline: 2021

Summary: The Environmental Crime Directive is the main horizontal instrument to protect the environment through criminal law. It requires Member States to define environmental crimes including wildlife trafficking and illegal killing or taking specimens of protected wild fauna or flora and to introduce criminal sanctions. On 15 December, the Commission adopted a proposal for a revised Directive to crack down on environmental crime, fulfilling a key commitment of the European Green Deal. The proposal intends to make protection of the environment more effective by obliging Member States to take criminal law measures. It defines new environmental crimes, sets a minimum level for sanctions and strengthens the effectiveness of law enforcement cooperation. It also obliges the Member States to support and assist people who report environmental offences and cooperate with the enforcement.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
JUST

Business for biodiversity

Updated on: 2022-04-27


Deadline: 2021

Summary:

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
JUST

Financing for biodiversity

Updated on: 2022-05-05


Deadline: 2021

Delay: 2023

Summary: The Commission is preparing a Delegated act with technical screening criteria fulfilling four environmental objectives under the Taxonomy Regulation. It will establish a common classification of economic activities that substantially contribute, among other objectives, to the protection and restoration of biodiversity and ecosystems including forests, wetlands, peatlands, aquatic and marine ecosystems. The preparation of the Environmental delegated act is tentatively planned to take place between May 2022 and May 2023, and will include a stakeholder consultation.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
FISMA

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2021

Summary: Within the framework of the European green deal, the Commission announced a renewed sustainable finance strategy. The Commission published its ‘strategy for financing the transition to a sustainable economy’ on 6 July 2021. It aims, among others, to facilitate the mainstreaming of biodiversity considerations at every step of the financial system. The initiative will also provide enabling frameworks for the European Green Deal Investment Plan and for the financial system to support a sustainable recovery from COVID-19.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
FISMA

Measuring and integrating the value of nature (NCA)

Updated on: 2022-05-05


Deadline: 2021

Summary: The aim of this action is to support the use of criteria and methods to support decision-making in the public and business sectors and further develop natural capital accounting . This will include support to business-driven developments of principles and methods, as well as setting standards and regulation. The aim is also to integrate biodiversity into the Product Environmental Footprint and Organisations Environmental Footprint methodology.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
ENV

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2021

Summary: The Commission is fostering networks of corporates cooperating on natural capital in order to align internationally management accounting principles for natural capital and biodiversity. Through the Transparent Life Project, the Value Balancing Alliance – consisting of international companies and the four largest professional services firms (Deloitte, EY, KPMG & PwC) – and the Capitals Coalition – a global collaboration of more than 370 organizations – have joined forces with the World Business Council for Sustainable Development to develop a set of generally accepted environmental accounting principles.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM
MS

Chef de File:
ENV

Knowledge

Updated on: 2022-04-14


Deadline: 2021

Summary: The Biodiversity Partnership, Biodiversa+, brings together national research and policy/regulatory bodies responsible for biodiversity, to jointly mobilise coherent, transnational research for finding solutions to be implemented across Europe to halt the loss of biodiversity and to bring it back to a path to recovery. This unique partnership is facilitated and co-funded by the European Commission. Its Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda (SRIA) has been released in November 2021. The first call of the Biodiversity Partnership on “Supporting biodiversity and ecosystem protection across land and sea” has been launched in 2021.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM
EEA
JRC
MS
REA

Chef de File:
ENV
RTD

Education

Updated on: 2022-04-12


Deadline: 2021

Summary: On 14 January 2022, the Commission published a proposal for a Council Recommendation on learning for environmental sustainability, and a new European sustainability competence framework developed with the Joint Research Centre.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
EAC


EU EXTERNAL ACTION AND AN AMBITIOUS GLOBAL BIODIVERSITY AGENDA

Deforestation, wildlife trafficking, illicit trade

Updated on: 2021-12-09


Deadline: 2021

Summary: The proposal aims to minimise the EU’s contribution to deforestation and forest degradation worldwide and promote the consumption of products from deforestation-free supply chains in the EU.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
ENV

Updated on: 2022-05-05


Deadline: 2021

Delay: 2022

Summary: The EU Action Plan against Wildlife Trafficking (2016-2020) will be revised in 2022. Open public and expert consultations took place at the end of 2021 and their results will feed into the revised Action Plan. Commission adoption planned for Q2 2022.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
ENV

Updated on: 2021-12-16


Deadline: 2021

Summary: On 16 December 2021, the Commission adopted new measures towards effectively banning most forms of EU trade in ivory, as announced in the Biodiversity Strategy for 2030. While the EU is not identified as a region of concern regarding illegal ivory trade, the revision of the existing EU rules on ivory trade reaffirms and delivers on the EU’s commitment to take further action against elephant poaching and ivory trafficking globally. This additional step came a day after the Commission adopted a proposal for a new EU Directive to crack down on environmental crime.

Links:


Main Actors:
COM

Chef de File:
ENV