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EU Biodiversity Strategy Dashboard

The dashboard of the EU Biodiversity Strategy is showing progress of the EU and its Member States towards the targets set for 2030

SUMMARY



COHERENT NETWORK OF PROTECTED AREAS

Target 1 - Legally protect a minimum of 30% of the EU’s land area and a minimum of 30% of the EU’s sea area, and integrate ecological corridors, as part of a true Trans-European Nature Network.
Subtarget A1.1 - Legally protect a minimum of 30% of the EU's land area
Indicator A1.1.1 - Terrestrial protected area coverage

The contribution of the nationally protected areas to the target is to be confirmed.

Last update: 2021


Values at national scale

 
 

name: Terrestrial protected area coverage

abbreviated name: None

definition: Percentage of land, per each European Country and at European level (EU 27), covered by protected areas. The indicator is calculated by the sum of nationally designated protected areas and the areas of Natura 2000 sites. Their overlaps, reported once, are also included.

DPSIR: Response

unit: % of total protected area on land

spatial coverage: EU (current composition, only continental areas and Macaronesia)

global scope: False

EU27 scope: True

MS scope: True

reference(s): An introduction to Europe's Protected Areas — European Environment Agency, (https://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/biodiversity/europe-protected-areas) accessed 15 November 2021. Countries, (https://biodiversity.europa.eu/countries) accessed 15 November 2021. Nationally designated terrestrial protected areas in Europe — European Environment Agency, (https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/nationally-designated-protected-areas-1/assessment) accessed 15 November 2021. Natura 2000 sites designated under the EU Habitats and Birds Directives — European Environment Agency, (https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/sites-designated-under-the-eu-3/assessment) accessed 15 November 2021.

time coverage: 2016-2020

update frequency: Every year

method: 1) Calculation of surface from the following datasets: - Nationally designated areas (CDDA) - Natura 2000 data 2) Spatial overlap of the calculated areas, including shared protected areas counted once, with the country areas from "EuroBoundaryMap 2020" dataset provided by EuroGeographics. 3) Further topological controls and adjustments, other data quality controls 4) Calculation of statistics (e.g., percentage) for each Country and at European level. References about these sources are available in the specific dataset's section of this catalogue.

producer: European Environment Agency

provider: European Environment Agency

source: https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/daviz/complementarity-between-european-designations-3/#tab-chart_6

web service: https://discodata.eea.europa.eu/sql?query=SELECT%20TOP%20100%20*%20FROM%20%5BEUNIS%5D.%5Bv1r1%5D.%5BProtectedAreas_Stats2020%5D&p=1&nrOfHits=100

code and/or workflow: None

validated: True

peer-reviewed: False

documented: True

open source: False

accessible: True

accuracy uncertainties: None

comments: See EEA Copyright/Licence Policy: https://www.eea.europa.eu/legal/. The data are provided by EEA based on data reported by the countries.

use in other policy processes:



Dataset: CDDA


full name: Nationally designated areas (CDDA) for public access

reference(s): Nationally designated areas (CDDA) — European Environment Agency, (https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/nationally-designated-areas-national-cdda-16) accessed 15 November 2021.

version: 19

date: 2021-06-08

format: tabular; vector

spatial extent: EEA38 (from 2020) + United Kingdom

temporal extent: 2021

resolution: None

scale: 100000

storage: https://sdi.eea.europa.eu/catalogue/srv/eng/catalog.search#/metadata/c0c9663b-ea1c-4068-b8b5-533f40539bdf

findable: True

accessible: True

interoperable: True

reusable: True

licence of use: The dataset contains parts which are restricted by the data providers and not to be made public. EEA does not have permission to distribute some or all sites reported by Estonia, Finland, Ireland and Turkey.

access data policy: Public access limited according to Article 13(1)(b) of the INSPIRE Directive. Public access limited according to Article 13(1)(h) of the INSPIRE Directive.


Dataset: N2K


full name: Natura 2000

reference(s): Natura 2000 data - the European network of protected sites — European Environment Agency, (https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/natura-12) accessed 15 November 2021.

version: 12

date: 2021-07-23

format: vector; tabular

spatial extent: EU 27 + United Kingdom

temporal extent: 2020-2020

resolution: None

scale: 100000

storage: https://sdi.eea.europa.eu/catalogue/srv/eng/catalog.search#/metadata/b1777027-6c85-4d19-bdf2-5840184d6e13

findable: True

accessible: True

interoperable: True

reusable: True

licence of use: EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (http://www.eea.europa.eu/legal/copyright). Copyright holder: Directorate-General for Environment.

access data policy: No limitations to public access. There are specific terms and conditions relating to the use of downloaded boundary data within the United Kingdom. If you intend to use the UK data you must first agree to the end user licence http://www.jncc.gov.uk/page-5232. This data is provided for general information purposes only. Only the data possessed by the competent authorities of the Member States is authentic. Therefore, no rights or legal claims can be derived from the data displayed on this site.


Dataset: EuroBoundaryMap


full name: None

reference(s): None

version: None

date: 2020-01-27

format: tabular; vector

spatial extent: 55 European countries and territories

temporal extent: 2020-2020

resolution: None

scale: 100000

storage: https://eurogeographics.org/maps-for-europe/ebm/

findable: True

accessible: True

interoperable: True

reusable: False

licence of use: See: https://eurogeographics.org/maps-for-europe/licensing/

access data policy: See: https://eurogeographics.org/maps-for-europe/licensing/


Dataset: Swiss Emerald network sites


full name: None

reference(s): Swiss Emerald network sites — European Environment Agency, (https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/external/swiss-emerald-network-sites) accessed 15 November 2021.

version: None

date: None

format: vector

spatial extent: Switzerland

temporal extent: 2009-2009

resolution: None

scale: None

storage: https://www.bafu.admin.ch/bafu/en/home/state/data/geodata/biodiversity--geodata.html#990851726

findable: True

accessible: True

interoperable: True

reusable: True

licence of use: Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN) data policy is applied

access data policy: No limitations to public access


Dataset: Norwegian Emerald network


full name: None

reference(s): None

version: None

date: None

format: None

spatial extent: Norway

temporal extent: None

resolution: None

scale: None

storage: None

findable: False

accessible: False

interoperable: False

reusable: False

licence of use: To be requested to: CEEweb for Biodiversity (https://www.ceeweb.org/projects.php)

access data policy: To be requested to: CEEweb for Biodiversity (https://www.ceeweb.org/projects.php)


Indicator values per country
Country Value (%)
Austria 29.00
Belgium 14.60
Bulgaria 41.00
Croatia 37.80
Cyprus 37.70
Czechia 21.90
Denmark 15.10
Estonia 20.80
Finland 13.20
France 27.60
Germany 37.20
Greece 35.00
Hungary 22.20
Ireland 13.90
Italy 21.40
Latvia 18.20
Lithuania 17.00
Luxembourg 51.50
Malta 29.00
Netherlands 26.60
Poland 39.60
Portugal 22.40
Romania 23.50
Slovakia 37.40
Slovenia 40.50
Spain 28.00
Sweden 14.10

Indicator A1.1.2 - Natura 2000 terrestrial protected area coverage

Last update: 2021


Values at national scale

 
 

name: Natura 2000 terrestrial protected area coverage

abbreviated name: SEBI 008

definition: This indicator shows the percentage of terrestrial surface covered by Natura 2000 sites designated under the EU Habitats (92/43/EEC) and Birds (79/409/EEC) Directives.The percentage is calculated per each of the European Country and at European level (EU 27).

DPSIR: Response

unit: % of areas protected under Natura 2000 on land

spatial coverage: EU (current composition, only continental areas and Macaronesia)

global scope: False

EU27 scope: True

MS scope: True

reference(s): Natura 2000 sites designated under the EU Habitats and Birds Directives — European Environment Agency, (https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/sites-designated-under-the-eu-3/assessment) accessed 15 November 2021.

time coverage: 1993-2020

update frequency: Every year

method: 1) Calculation of surface from the Natura 2000 data 2) Spatial overlap of the calculated areas with the country areas from "EuroBoundaryMap 2020" dataset 3) topological controls and adjustments, other data quality controls 4) Calculation of statistics (e.g., percentage) for each Country and at European level. References about these sources are available in the specific dataset's section of this catalogue

producer: European Environment Agency

provider: European Environment Agency

source: https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/sites-designated-under-the-eu-3/assessment

web service: None

code and/or workflow: None

validated: True

peer-reviewed: False

documented: True

open source: False

accessible: True

accuracy uncertainties: None

comments: Copyright: EEA Copyright/Licence Policy is applicable (https://www.eea.europa.eu/legal/). The data are provided by EEA based on data reported by the countries.


Dataset: N2K


full name: Natura 2000

reference(s): Natura 2000 data - the European network of protected sites — European Environment Agency, (https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/natura-12) accessed 15 November 2021.

version: 12

date: 2021-07-23

format: vector; tabular

spatial extent: EU 27 + United Kingdom

temporal extent: 2020-2020

resolution: None

scale: 100000

storage: https://sdi.eea.europa.eu/catalogue/srv/eng/catalog.search#/metadata/b1777027-6c85-4d19-bdf2-5840184d6e13

findable: True

accessible: True

interoperable: True

reusable: True

licence of use: EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (http://www.eea.europa.eu/legal/copyright). Copyright holder: Directorate-General for Environment.

access data policy: No limitations to public access. There are specific terms and conditions relating to the use of downloaded boundary data within the United Kingdom. If you intend to use the UK data you must first agree to the end user licence http://www.jncc.gov.uk/page-5232. This data is provided for general information purposes only. Only the data possessed by the competent authorities of the Member States is authentic. Therefore, no rights or legal claims can be derived from the data displayed on this site.


Dataset: EuroBoundaryMap


full name: None

reference(s): None

version: None

date: 2020-01-27

format: tabular; vector

spatial extent: 55 European countries and territories

temporal extent: 2020-2020

resolution: None

scale: 100000

storage: https://eurogeographics.org/maps-for-europe/ebm/

findable: True

accessible: True

interoperable: True

reusable: False

licence of use: See: https://eurogeographics.org/maps-for-europe/licensing/

access data policy: See: https://eurogeographics.org/maps-for-europe/licensing/


Indicator values per country
Country Value (%)
Austria 15.40
Belgium 12.70
Bulgaria 34.90
Croatia 36.60
Cyprus 18.20
Czechia 14.20
Denmark 8.50
Estonia 17.80
Finland 12.60
France 12.90
Germany 15.50
Greece 27.40
Hungary 21.40
Ireland 13.30
Italy 19.20
Latvia 11.50
Lithuania 12.60
Luxembourg 26.90
Malta 13.70
Netherlands 15.20
Poland 19.60
Portugal 20.80
Romania 22.70
Slovakia 29.80
Slovenia 37.90
Spain 27.30
Sweden 12.40

Indicator A1.1.3 - Nationally designated terrestrial protected area coverage

The contribution of the nationally protected areas to the target is to be confirmed.

Last update: 2021


Values at national scale

 
 

name: Nationally designated terrestrial protected area coverage

abbreviated name: SEBI 007

definition: Percentage of terrestrial surface covered by nationally designated protected areas (i.e., areas protected by national legislations). The percentage is calculated per each of the European Country and at European level (EU 27).

DPSIR: Response

unit: % of area protected under nationally designated protected areas on land

spatial coverage: EU (current composition, only continental areas and Macaronesia)

global scope: False

EU27 scope: True

MS scope: True

reference(s): None

time coverage: 1800-2020

update frequency: Every year

method: 1) Calculation of surface from the "Nationally designated areas (CDDA)" dataset 2) Spatial overlap of the calculated areas with the country areas from "EuroBoundaryMap 2020" dataset 3) topological controls and adjustments, other data quality controls 4) Calculation of statistics (e.g., percentage) for each Country and at European level 5) References about these sources are available in the specific dataset's section of this catalogue

producer: European Environment Agency

provider: European Environment Agency

source: https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/nationally-designated-protected-areas-1/assessment

web service: None

code and/or workflow: None

validated: True

peer-reviewed: False

documented: True

open source: False

accessible: True

accuracy uncertainties: None

comments: Copyright: EEA Copyright/Licence Policy is applicable (https://www.eea.europa.eu/legal/). The data are provided by EEA based on data reported by the countries.


Dataset: CDDA


full name: Nationally designated areas (CDDA) for public access

reference(s): Nationally designated areas (CDDA) — European Environment Agency, (https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/nationally-designated-areas-national-cdda-16) accessed 15 November 2021.

version: 19

date: 2021-06-08

format: tabular; vector

spatial extent: EEA38 (from 2020) + United Kingdom

temporal extent: 2021

resolution: None

scale: 100000

storage: https://sdi.eea.europa.eu/catalogue/srv/eng/catalog.search#/metadata/c0c9663b-ea1c-4068-b8b5-533f40539bdf

findable: True

accessible: True

interoperable: True

reusable: True

licence of use: The dataset contains parts which are restricted by the data providers and not to be made public. EEA does not have permission to distribute some or all sites reported by Estonia, Finland, Ireland and Turkey.

access data policy: Public access limited according to Article 13(1)(b) of the INSPIRE Directive. Public access limited according to Article 13(1)(h) of the INSPIRE Directive.


Dataset: EuroBoundaryMap


full name: None

reference(s): None

version: None

date: 2020-01-27

format: tabular; vector

spatial extent: 55 European countries and territories

temporal extent: 2020-2020

resolution: None

scale: 100000

storage: https://eurogeographics.org/maps-for-europe/ebm/

findable: True

accessible: True

interoperable: True

reusable: False

licence of use: See: https://eurogeographics.org/maps-for-europe/licensing/

access data policy: See: https://eurogeographics.org/maps-for-europe/licensing/


Indicator values per country
Country Value (%)
Austria 24.70
Belgium 5.30
Bulgaria 14.90
Croatia 12.30
Cyprus 35.20
Czechia 17.40
Denmark 11.20
Estonia 20.80
Finland 10.50
France 19.70
Germany 31.30
Greece 17.40
Hungary 9.10
Ireland 0.80
Italy 10.20
Latvia 18.10
Lithuania 15.00
Luxembourg 51.40
Malta 28.90
Netherlands 26.60
Poland 32.20
Portugal 9.00
Romania 5.40
Slovakia 23.40
Slovenia 40.40
Spain 14.70
Sweden 11.60

Subtarget A1.2 - Legally protect a minimum of 30% of the EU's sea area
Indicator A1.2.1 - Marine protected area coverage

The methodology to calculate value at EU27 level is being consolidated and may consequently change in the future due to methodological updates.

The contribution of the nationally protected areas to the target is to be confirmed.

Last update: 2021


Source: European Environment Agency

EU 27

Values at national scale

 
 

name: Marine protected area coverage

abbreviated name: None

definition: Percentage of marine waters, per each European Country and at European level (EU 27), covered by protected areas. The indicator is calculated by the sum of nationally designated protected areas and the areas of Natura 2000 sites. Their overlaps, reported once, is also included.

DPSIR: Response

unit: % of total protected area on sea

spatial coverage: EU (current composition, only continental areas and Macaronesia)

global scope: False

EU27 scope: True

MS scope: True

reference(s): EEA, 2015, Marine protected areas in Europe's seas — An overview and perspectives for the future, EEA Report No 3/2015, European Environment Agency (https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/marine-protected-areas-in-europes) accessed 15 November 2021.

time coverage: 2019-2019

update frequency: Every year

method: 1) Calculation of surface from the following sources: - Nationally designated areas (CDDA), reported in April 2020 - Natura 2000 data, reported in 2019 2) Spatial overlap of the calculated areas, including shared protected areas counted once, with the "Marine waters" datasst used in Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) 3)Further topological controls and adjustments, other data quality controls 4) Calculation of percentage for each country and at European level References about these sources are available in the specific dataset's section of this catalogue

producer: European Environment Agency

provider: European Environment Agency

source: None

web service: https://discodata.eea.europa.eu/sql?query=SELECT%20TOP%20100%20*%20FROM%20%5BEUNIS%5D.%5Bv1r1%5D.%5BProtectedAreas_Stats2020%5D&p=1&nrOfHits=100

code and/or workflow: None

validated: True

peer-reviewed: False

documented: True

open source: False

accessible: True

accuracy uncertainties: None

comments: See EEA Copyright/Licence Policy: https://www.eea.europa.eu/legal/. The data are provided by EEA based on data reported by the countries.

use in other policy processes:



Dataset: CDDA


full name: Nationally designated areas (CDDA) for public access

reference(s): Nationally designated areas (CDDA) — European Environment Agency, (https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/nationally-designated-areas-national-cdda-16) accessed 15 November 2021.

version: 19

date: 2021-06-08

format: tabular; vector

spatial extent: EEA38 (from 2020) + United Kingdom

temporal extent: 2021

resolution: None

scale: 100000

storage: https://sdi.eea.europa.eu/catalogue/srv/eng/catalog.search#/metadata/c0c9663b-ea1c-4068-b8b5-533f40539bdf

findable: True

accessible: True

interoperable: True

reusable: True

licence of use: The dataset contains parts which are restricted by the data providers and not to be made public. EEA does not have permission to distribute some or all sites reported by Estonia, Finland, Ireland and Turkey.

access data policy: Public access limited according to Article 13(1)(b) of the INSPIRE Directive. Public access limited according to Article 13(1)(h) of the INSPIRE Directive.


Dataset: Natura 2000


full name: None

reference(s): None

version: 11 (2019)

date: 2020-05-01

format: tabular; vector

spatial extent: EU 27 + United Kingdom

temporal extent: 2019-2019

resolution: None

scale: 100000

storage: https://sdi.eea.europa.eu/catalogue/srv/eng/catalog.search#/metadata/e40ca403-b81a-4ecb-b484-cade980e9a2f

findable: True

accessible: True

interoperable: True

reusable: True

licence of use: EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (http://www.eea.europa.eu/legal/copyright). Copyright holder: Directorate-General for Environment.

access data policy: None


Dataset: Marine waters used in Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD)


full name: None

reference(s): None

version: 1 (2020)

date: 2020-05-01

format: tabular; vector

spatial extent: None

temporal extent: 2019-2019

resolution: None

scale: 100000

storage: https://sdi.eea.europa.eu/catalogue/srv/eng/catalog.search#/metadata/6d365112-5c0a-409e-bd45-68197fe3b2e8

findable: True

accessible: True

interoperable: True

reusable: True

licence of use: EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (http://www.eea.europa.eu/legal/copyright). Copyright holder: Directorate-General for Environment.

access data policy: no limitations to public access


Indicator values per country
Country Value (%)
Austria N/A
Belgium 36.50
Bulgaria 8.01
Croatia 9.28
Cyprus 8.63
Czechia N/A
Denmark 15.22
Estonia 18.39
Finland 9.83
France 35.58
Germany 45.38
Greece 19.41
Hungary N/A
Ireland 2.25
Italy 1.98
Latvia 15.45
Lithuania 24.05
Luxembourg N/A
Malta 5.47
Netherlands 25.34
Poland 21.80
Portugal 2.46
Romania 20.81
Slovakia N/A
Slovenia 2.48
Spain 7.86
Sweden 12.84

Target 2 - Strictly protect at least a third of the EU’s protected areas, including all remaining EU primary and old-growth forests.

Indicator under development.

Target 3 - Effectively manage all protected areas, defining clear conservation objectives and measures, and monitoring them appropriately.

Indicator under development.


EU NATURE RESTORATION PLAN

Strengthening the EU legal framework for nature restoration

Target 4 - Legally binding EU nature restoration targets to be proposed in 2021, subject to an impact assessment. By 2030, significant areas of degraded and carbon-rich ecosystems are restored. Habitats and species show no deterioration in conservation trends and status; and at least 30% reach favourable conservation status or at least show a positive trend.
Subtarget B1.1 - Species show no deterioration in conservation trends and status
Indicator B1.1.1 - Common bird index by type of species

The values for the indicator are calculated using 2000 as year of reference.


Source: Eurostat

EU 27

All common species - Common farmland species - Common forest species
 
 

name: Common bird index by type of species

abbreviated name: SDG_15_60

definition: The indicator is an index and integrates the abundance and the diversity of a selection of common bird species associated with specific habitats. Rare species are excluded. Three groups of bird species are represented: common farmland species (39 species), common forest species (34 species) and all common bird species (167 species; including farmland and forest species). The indices are presented for EU-aggregates only and with smoothed values. The index draws from data produced by the European Bird Census Council and its Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme programme.

DPSIR: State

unit: Index of remaining diversity-weighted abundance of common birds compared to the reference year 2000 (Index 2000 = 100)

spatial coverage: EU (various composition according to year, only continental areas)

global scope: False

EU27 scope: True

MS scope: False

reference(s): Eurostat, 2020, Sustainable development in the European Union — Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGs in an EU context — 2020 edition (https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-statistical-books/-/ks-02-20-202) accessed 10 November 2021. Gregory, R. D., van Strien, A. J., Vorisek, P., Gmelig Meyling, A. W., Noble, D.G., Foppen, R.P.B. et Gibbons, D.W., 2005, 'Developing indicators for European birds', Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 360, pp. 269-288. Soldaat, L. L., Pannekoek, J., Verweij, R. J. T., van Turnhout, C. A. M. and van Strien, A. J., 2017, 'A Monte Carlo method to account for sampling error in multi-species indicators', Ecological Indicators 81, pp. 340-347. Statistics Netherlands, 2017, 'Models and statistical methods in rtrim', Statistics Netherlands (https://www.cbs.nl/en-gb/background/2018/49/models-and-statistical-methods-in-rtrim) accessed 22 November 2021.

time coverage: 1990-2018

update frequency: Every year

method: Each of the three EU aggregate indices (i.e. common farmland birds, common forest birds and all common birds) is a composite, multispecies index calculated using Monte Carlo simulations as described in Soldaat et al. (2017) and an R-script (R-TRIM) developed by Statistics Netherlands (2017). No rare species are included, although some species common in certain Member States may be considered rare in others. The species covered under the common farmland and common forest indices are deemed to be dependent on that particular kind of habitat for feeding and nesting. The index of common farmland birds covers 39 species that depend on farmland (farmland specialists). The index of common forest birds covers 34 species that depend on forests (forest specialists). The index of all common birds covers both farmland and forest birds plus 95 other common species that depend on other habitats, including built-up areas, urban parks and gardens. The 95 species are considered 'generalist' species The list of species is available in the annex of the Birds Directive under ""EU list of all common bird species"" (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32009L0147&from=EN). Each of the three EU bird indices is presented as an unsmoothed time series and as a smoothed time series with 95% confidence limits. In addition, we present an estimate for year n-1 and n-2 for the smoother. The estimate for the smoother is calculated as a linear extrapolation of the trend for the 2 years preceding the year the value was estimated for (i.e. estimate for 2018 = value2017/value2016*value2017). The estimates are flagged with the e) flag. More information can be found in the metadata pf the original dataset on the Eurostat website (https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/en/env_biodiv_esms.htm).

producer: European Bird Census Council

provider: Eurostat

source: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/databrowser/view/sdg_15_60/default/table?lang=en

web service: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/wdds/rest/data/v2.1/json/en/sdg_15_60?precision=1&agprdmet=TOTAL

code and/or workflow: None

validated: True

peer-reviewed: True

documented: True

open source: False

accessible: True

accuracy uncertainties: Not assesssed

comments: Copyrights: Eurostat Copyright/Licence Policy is applicable.

use in other policy processes:



Dataset: ENV_BIO3


full name: Common bird indices by type of estimate (sources: EBCC, BirdLife, RSPB, CSO)

reference(s): European Indicators, PECBMS (https://pecbms.info/trends-and-indicators/indicators/) accessed 12 November 2021. PECBMS methods, PECBMS (https://pecbms.info/methods/pecbms-methods/) accessed 12 November 2021.

version: None

date: 2021-03-22

format: tabular

spatial extent: EU (various composition according to year)

temporal extent: 1982-2018

resolution: None

scale: None

storage: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/databrowser/view/env_bio3/default/table?lang=en

findable: True

accessible: True

interoperable: True

reusable: True

licence of use: EU copyright and Creative Commons license CC BY-NC 4.0

access data policy: Free and open access


Indicator values per year
Year All common species Common farmland species Common forest species
1990102.34115.92103.17
1991102.51114.42103.69
1992102.60112.96103.95
1993102.73111.74104.05
1994102.82110.58104.02
1995102.83109.35103.9
1996102.70107.92103.72
1997102.31106.16103.23
1998101.65104.17102.31
1999100.85102.08101.16
2000100100100
200199.2198.0599.01
200298.5896.3398.39
200398.0694.7698.05
200497.5393.2397.77
200597.0391.7897.58
200696.6090.4697.52
200796.2589.3197.63
200895.9788.2897.87
200995.7487.3598.25
201095.5686.5198.73
201195.4285.7799.33
201295.3385.12100.06
201395.2884.58100.91
201495.2984.12101.90
201595.3483.76103.01
201695.4483.49104.28
201795.5983.29105.68
201895.7483.09107.10
201995.8982.89108.54

Bringing nature back to agricultural land

Target 5 - The decline of pollinators is reversed.
Indicator B2.1.1 - Grassland butterfly index

The values for the indicator are calculated using 2000 as year of reference.

Last update: 2021-02-08


Source: Eurostat

EU 27

 
 

name: Grassland butterfly index

abbreviated name: SDG_15_61

definition: The indicator measures the population trends of 17 butterfly species at EU-level.The index is presented as EU-aggregate only and with smoothed values.

DPSIR: State

unit: Index of remaining diversity-weighted abundance of grassland butterflies compared to the reference year 2000 (Index 2000 = 100)

spatial coverage: EU (various composition according to year, only continental areas)

global scope: False

EU27 scope: True

MS scope: False

reference(s): Eurostat, 2020, Sustainable development in the European Union — Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGs in an EU context — 2020 edition (https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-statistical-books/-/ks-02-20-202) accessed 10 November 2021. van Swaay, C. A. M., Nowicki, P., Settele, J. and van Strien, A. J., 2008, 'Butterfly monitoring in Europe: methods, applications and perspective', Biodiversity and conservation 17(14), pp. 3455-3469. van Swaay, C. A. M., Dennis, E. B., Schmucki, R., Sevilleja, C. G., Aghababyan, K., Åström, S., Balalaikins, M., Bonelli, S., Botham, M., Bourn, N., Brereton, T., Cancela, J. P., Carlisle, B., Chambers, P., Collins, S., Dopagne, C., Dziekanska, I., Escobés, R., Faltynek Fric, Z. et al., 2020, Assessing Butterflies in Europe - Butterfly Indicators 1990-2018: Technical report, Butterfly Conservation Europe & ABLE/eBMS (www.butterfly-monitoring.net) accessed 12 November 2021.

time coverage: 1991-2018

update frequency: Every year

method: The methodology is described on the website of the European Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: https://butterfly-monitoring.net/bms-methods

producer: The data are integrated and provided by the European Environment Agency, the European Butterfly Monitoring Scheme partnership and the Assessing Butterflies in Europe (ABLE) project.

provider: Eurostat

source: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/databrowser/view/sdg_15_61/default/table?lang=en

web service: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/wdds/rest/data/v2.1/json/en/sdg_15_61?precision=1&agprdmet=TOTAL

code and/or workflow: None

validated: True

peer-reviewed: True

documented: True

open source: True

accessible: True

accuracy uncertainties: Not assesssed

comments: Copyrights: Eurostat Copyright/Licence Policy is applicable. The data are provided by Eurostat based on data reported by the countries.


Dataset: SDG_15_61


full name: Grassland butterfly index - EU aggregate (source: EEA, BCE)

reference(s): Butterfly Monitoring | European Butterfly Monitoring, (https://butterfly-monitoring.net/bms) accessed 12 November 2021.

version: None

date: 2021-06-07

format: tabular

spatial extent: EU (various composition according to year)

temporal extent: 1991-2018

resolution: EU (various composition according to year)

scale: None

storage: https://butterfly-monitoring.net/

findable: True

accessible: True

interoperable: False

reusable: True

licence of use: Data has to be requested from European Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: https://butterfly-monitoring.net/

access data policy: Data available on request signing an license agreement form


Indicator values per year
Year Value (%)
1991105.18
1992103.10
1993101.30
199499.90
199599.04
199698.55
199798.10
199898.20
199999.09
2000100
2001100.19
200299.33
200397.96
200496.62
200594.65
200691.68
200788.68
200886.60
200985.87
201085.68
201185.13
201284.24
201383.51
201482.80
201581.95
201680.91
201779.75
201878.55

Target 6 - The risk and use of chemical pesticides is reduced by 50%, and the use of more hazardous pesticides is reduced by 50%.

Indicator under development.

Target 7 - At least 10% of agricultural area is under high-diversity landscape features.

Indicator under development.

Target 8 - At least 25% of agricultural land is under organic farming management, and the uptake of agro-ecological practices is significantly increased.
Subtarget B5.1 - At least 25% of agricultural land is under organic farming management
Indicator B5.1.1 - Area under organic farming

Last update: 2021-11-23


Source: Eurostat

EU 27

Values at national scale

 
 

name: Area under organic farming

abbreviated name: SDG_02_40

definition: The indicator measures the share of total utilised agricultural area (UAA) occupied by organic farming (existing organically-farmed areas and areas in process of conversion). farming is recognised to be organic if it complies with Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007, which has set up a comprehensive framework for the organic production of crops and livestock and for the labelling, processing and marketing of organic products, as well as for governing imports of organic products into the EU. The detailed rules for the implementation of this Regulation are laid down in Commission Regulation (EC) No 889/2008.

DPSIR: Response

unit: % of total utilised agricultural area (UAA)

spatial coverage: EU (current composition, including overseas territories)

global scope: False

EU27 scope: True

MS scope: True

reference(s): Eurostat, 2020, Sustainable development in the European Union — Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGs in an EU context — 2020 edition (https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-statistical-books/-/ks-02-20-202) accessed 10 November 2021

time coverage: 2012-2019

update frequency: Every year

method: The area under organic farming is expressed in hectares and as a percentage of the Utilised Agricultural Area (UAA)

producer: Eurostat

provider: Eurostat

source: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/databrowser/view/sdg_02_40/default/table?lang=en

web service: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/wdds/rest/data/v2.1/json/en/sdg_02_40?precision=1&agprdmet=TOTAL&crops=UAAXK0000&unit=PC_UAA

code and/or workflow: None

validated: True

peer-reviewed: False

documented: True

open source: False

accessible: True

accuracy uncertainties: Not assessed

comments: Copyrights: Eurostat Copyright/Licence Policy is applicable. The data are provided by Eurostat based on data reported by the countries.

use in other policy processes:



Dataset: ORG_CROPAR


full name: Organic crop area by agricultural production methods and crops (from 2012 onwards)

reference(s): EUROSTAT, 2020, ANNNEX 1 - Organic farming statistics - Additional information (https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/Annexes/org_esms_an1.pdf) accessed 12 November 2011

version: None

date: 2021-08-04

format: tabular

spatial extent: EU (current composition, including overseas territories)

temporal extent: 2012-2020

resolution: None

scale: None

storage: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/databrowser/view/ORG_CROPAR/default/table?lang=en

findable: True

accessible: True

interoperable: True

reusable: True

licence of use: EU copyright

access data policy: Free and open access


Dataset: ORG_CROPAR_H2


full name: Share of organic crop area out of the total utilised agricultural area (UAA) (until 2011)

reference(s): None

version: None

date: 2021-02-08

format: tabular

spatial extent: EU (various composition according to year)

temporal extent: 2002-2011

resolution: None

scale: None

storage: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/databrowser/view/ORG_CROPAR_H2/default/table?lang=en

findable: True

accessible: True

interoperable: True

reusable: True

licence of use: EU copyright

access data policy: Free and open access


Indicator values per country
Country Value (%)
Austria 25.33
Belgium 6.85
Bulgaria 2.34
Croatia 7.19
Cyprus 4.98
Czechia 15.19
Denmark 11.09
Estonia 22.33
Finland 13.48
France 7.72
Germany 7.75
Greece 10.26
Hungary 5.71
Ireland 1.63
Italy 15.16
Latvia 14.79
Lithuania 8.14
Luxembourg 4.42
Malta 0.47
Netherlands 3.75
Poland 3.49
Portugal 8.16
Romania 2.86
Slovakia 10.30
Slovenia 10.35
Spain 9.66
Sweden 20.43

Forest quantity, health and resilience

Target 9 - Three billion additional trees are planted in the EU, in full respect of ecological principles.

Indicator under development.

Addressing land take and restoring soil ecosystems

Target 10 - Significant progress in the remediation of contaminated soil sites.

Indicator under development.

Win-win solutions for energy generation

Restoring freshwater ecosystems

Target 11 - At least 25,000 km of free-flowing rivers are restored.

Indicator under development.

Addressing invasive alien species

Target 12 - There is a 50% reduction in the number of Red List species threatened by invasive alien species.

Indicator under development.

Reducing pollution

Target 13 - The losses of nutrients from fertilisers are reduced by 50%, resulting in the reduction of the use of fertilisers by at least 20%.

Indicator under development.

Greening urban and peri-urban areas

Target 14 - Cities with at least 20,000 inhabitants have an ambitious Urban Greening Plan.

Indicator under development.

Restoring marine ecosystems

Target 15 - The negative impacts on sensitive species and habitats, including on the seabed through fishing and extraction activities, are substantially reduced to achieve good environmental status.

Indicator under development.

Target 16 - The by-catch of species is eliminated or reduced to a level that allows species recovery and conservation.

Indicator under development.


ENABLING TRANSFORMATIVE CHANGE

Although there is no specific target for this commitment some actions are being implemented to achieve it.

A new governance framework

Stepping up implementation and enforcement of EU environmental legislation

Business for biodiversity

Financing for biodiversity

Measuring and integrating the value of nature (NCA)

Knowledge

Education


EU EXTERNAL ACTION AND AN AMBITIOUS GLOBAL BIODIVERSITY AGENDA

Although there is no specific target for this commitment some actions are being implemented to achieve it.

Raising the level of ambition and commitment worldwide

International Ocean Governance

Trade policy

Deforestation, wildlife trafficking, illicit trade

International cooperation, neighbourhood policy and resource mobilisation

Review of progress